School of Aeronautics

Time  passes quickly as it witnesses the transformation of School of  Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), from its first  appearance in 1933 resulting from the merger of aeronautics unit of  Shanghai Jiaotong University (1935), Aeronautical Engineering Education  of Nanjing University (previously, National Central University) (1935)  and Aeronautical Engineering Education of Zhejiang University (1933); to  the Aircraft Engineering Department of East China Aeronautics College  founded in Nanjing in 1952; to the Aircraft Engineering Department of  Xi’an Aeronautics College after the westward movement, and to the  Aircraft Engineering Department of NPU in the university merging in  1957. The incorporation of the whole Air Force Engineering Department of  the former Harbin Military Engineering Institute into NPU in 1970  significantly strengthened both the teaching and scientific research in  Aircraft Engineering Department. The department adjustment of NPU in  2003 saw the merger of Civil Aviation Engineering Department of NPU  (started in 1994) into the Aircraft Engineering Department, and hence  the foundation of School of Aeronautics, NPU. Because of NPU’s  self-portrait as “excels simultaneously in aeronautics, astronautics and  marine technology and specifically based on aeronautics”, plus the  practical situation of many other schools and departments of the schools  originating from relevant disciplines of the former Aircraft  Engineering Department, the School of Aeronautics was numbered “the  first school”.

During  its development of nearly eighty years, NPU has been playing a vital  and irreplaceable role in the national high-level innovative talents  training of aeronautics and astronautics, knowledge innovation of  aeronautical science and technology, and social service.    

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Outstanding  graduates from School of Aeronautics take the lead in the field of  current China’s aeronautical engineering. Among them, are Mr. Qingwei  Zhang, CPC Central Committee member, governor of Hebei Province, the  former chairman of the board of China’s Commercial Aircraft Co. Ltd  (COMAC), and top 10 Chinese outstanding youth; Mr. Wei Yang, the chief  designer of China’s new-generation fighter aircraft; Mr. Changhong Tang,  the chief designer of China’s large aircrafts; Mr. Yong Chen, the chief  designer of China’s new-generation regional transport aircrafts (ARJ21)  and so forth. Based on incomplete statistics, more than 40 alumni  graduated after the 1970s worked as principal leaders or generals in the  major enterprises in the field of aeronautics and astronautics in China  and more than 150 graduates hold the post of administrative deputy or  associate chief engineer. Successively the school developed 10 members  of the Chinese Academy of Science and Academy of Engineering, 3 members  of American Academy of Science or Engineering and International  Astronautic Academy of Science, and 8 distinguished professors by the  encouragement project of Cheung Kong Scholars set up by the ministry of  education.

The  school has made remarkable progress in scientific research and  knowledge innovation of aeronautical science and technology with  successively gaining 16 national science and technology awards, and 16  first prizes of the provincial or ministerial science and technology  awards. Teachers and students of the school participated in almost all  the major aircrafts and spacecrafts development of our country and serve  as an important front-line force in overcoming difficulties and  conquering obstacles in developments. More than 400 aircrafts of model  J7E, the product of taking technological advantage in the cooperation  with industries, have been fit out. Especially, the research team formed  by teachers and graduate students of our school plays an irreplaceable  role in the research and development of large passenger aircraft C919,  large transport aircraft, new-generation fighter aircraft, near-space  flight vehicles and other new-concept aircrafts, and consequently,  exerted a profound impact on the entire national aeronautical industry.

Presently,  School of Aeronautics has established its own “twelfth five-year”  development plan with key points giving focus on, first, with the  national civilian and military large aircraft projects, new-generation  fighter projects, near-space flight vehicle and new-concept unmanned  aerial vehicle projects being used as the traction, promoting the  developmental level of the disciplines in the school; second, based on  high-level faculty procession construction, making first-class team of  both teaching and scientific research; third, with the emphasis on the  construction of both the national aeronautics experimental teaching  demonstration center and the experimental platform of graduates’  Innovative education, comprehensively improving the quality of students’  cultivation; fourth, upgrading the income level of faculty and staff;  fifth, creating a new environment of high-level hardware, scientific  research-friendly enviroment, and the harmonious development and  improvement of the school’s faculty and staff.    

Faced  with the new opportunity of the great national development of  aeronautics and astronautics and the new demand of the national  education long-term development planning and implementation outline,  now, the faculty and staff of School of Aeronautics, NPU, have devoted  themselves with a more pressing sense of responsibility, a stronger  spirit of reform and innovation and a more passionate working enthusiasm  to the cultivation of new-generation leading talents in aeronautics and  astronautics, new and original scientific and technological innovation  in aeronautics and related fields, and the service in the main  battlefield of national defense and economic construction.

School of Aeronautics, NPU, is marching forward with rock-solid spirit and heroic steps.


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